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Home > All Images > 2006 > January > 19 Jan 2006

Images Dated 19th January 2006

Available as Framed Prints, Photos, Wall Art and Gift Items

Choose from 112 pictures in our Images Dated 19th January 2006 collection for your Wall Art or Photo Gift. Popular choices include Framed Prints, Canvas Prints, Posters and Jigsaw Puzzles. All professionally made for quick delivery.


Chemical plant storage tanks Featured 19 Jan 2006 Print

Chemical plant storage tanks

Chemical plant storage tanks. The industrial-scale manufacture of chemicals requires specialised engineering to meet a wide range of storage requirements. Products and reactants, ranging from liquids to gases and solids, have to be kept at the correct temperature and pressure. They then need to be piped or transported around the site to and from these storage facilities. These tanks are part of a larger oil refinery and chemical manufacturing site. Oil refining and chemical manufacturing are closely related industries, as oil products are used in a wide range of chemical industry manufacturing processes. Photographed at ExxonMobil's Fawley Oil Refinery and Chemical Plant, Hampshire, UK, which is one of the largest petrochemical plants in Europe

© PAUL RAPSON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Vacuum pipestill at an oil refinery Featured 19 Jan 2006 Print

Vacuum pipestill at an oil refinery

Oil refinery. This is a vacuum pipestill, a distillation tower (still) where the high-boiling point part of crude oil is refined into parts (fractions) such as fuel oil and bitumen. The crude oil, a mixture of hydrocarbons, is heated to around 400 degrees Celsius and piped into the bottom of this tower in a vacuum. This lowers the boiling point of the fractions. Hydrocarbon gases from the boiling oil rise up the tower towards the coolest area at the top. Different fractions are collected at different levels, depending on their boiling point. Fuel oil is collected at a higher level than bitumen. The low-boiling point part of crude oil is refined earlier in an atmospheric pipestill. Photographed at ExxonMobil's Fawley Oil Refinery, Hampshire, UK

© PAUL RAPSON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

Pipestills at an oil refinery Featured 19 Jan 2006 Print

Pipestills at an oil refinery

Oil refinery. Atmospheric pipestill (right) and a vacuum pipestill (left). These are distillation towers (stills) where hot crude oil is separated into parts called fractions. The crude oil, a mix of hydrocarbons, is heated to around 400 degrees Celsius and piped into the base of the atmospheric pipestill. Hydrocarbon gases from the boiling oil rise up the tower towards the coolest area at the top. The fractions are collected at different levels, depending on their boiling points. Ones with a low boiling point (petroleum gases, petrol) rise towards the top of the tower. Ones with a higher boiling point (jet fuel, diesel) condense lower down. The part that doesn't boil is sent to the vacuum pipestill, where vacuum boiling yields parts such as fuel oil and bitumen. Photographed at ExxonMobil's Fawley Oil Refinery, Hampshire, UK

© PAUL RAPSON/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY