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Home > Science > Space Exploration > Planets > Venus

Venus Gallery

Choose from 176 pictures in our Venus collection for your Wall Art or Photo Gift. All professionally made for Quick Shipping.


Transit of Venus, historical artwork Featured Venus Print

Transit of Venus, historical artwork

Transit of Venus, historical artwork. These drawings of the transit of Venus across the Sun were produced by Captain James Cook (1728-1779) and Charles Green (1735-1771). Cook and Green both travelled to Tahiti to view the 1769 transit. When Venus passes directly between the Earth and the Sun, it is seen as a small disc that obscures part of the Sun. This phenomenon is rare, as it occurs in pairs that are spaced by eight years and each pair then has over 100 years between them. Only seven Venus transits have occurred since the invention of the telescope (in 1631, 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874, 1882 and 2004). The next 21st century transit is on 6th June 2012. Engraving from Philosophical Transactions volume 61 (1772)

© Royal Astronomical Society/Science Photo Library

Ptolemaic cosmology Featured Venus Print

Ptolemaic cosmology

Ptolemaic cosmology, artwork. The Ptolemaic system was recorded in the Almagest of the 2nd-century Greek philosopher Ptolemy. It was a geocentric system (one centred on the Earth). The heavenly bodies circled the Earth attached to spheres. At centre are the four elements of Earth, Water, Air and Fire. Then there are successive spheres for the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The other planets had not been discovered at that time. The five planets are labelled with their astrological symbols. The four outer spheres are: the Firmament (including the stars); the Crystalline Heaven; the Primum Mobile; and the Empyreal Heaven, the Abode of the Blessed. This is the system that was replaced by a heliocentric (sun-centred) model, published by Copernicus in 1543. Artwork from Pioneers of Science (Oliver Lodge, 1893)

© Sheila Terry/Science Photo Library

Venuss internal structure, artwork Featured Venus Print

Venuss internal structure, artwork

Venus's internal structure. Computer artwork showing the core (grey), mantle (orange) and crust (light orange-yellow) of Venus. At the centre of Venus is a primarily solid iron core, which underlies a thick mantle made mainly of silicate minerals. On top of this is a very thin crust, which is only around 30 kilometres thick (compared to a maximum of around 70 kilometres for Earth's crust). Venus also has a thick, acidic atmosphere, which traps the heat of the Sun (a runaway green house effect). This makes Venus the hottest planet in the solar system, with surface temperatures reaching over 400 degrees Celsius

© DAVID A. HARDY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY