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Homo erectus skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing a reconstruction of the skull of Java Man


Homo erectus skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing a reconstruction of the skull of Java Man


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Homo erectus skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing a reconstruction of the skull of Java Man

Homo erectus skull. Artwork, from 1931, showing a reconstruction of the skull of Java Man, based on the fossil skull fragments (dark grey) discovered by Dubois in Java in 1891. At the time of this reconstruction, the specimen was classified as Pithecanthropus erectus. It is now known as Homo erectus, and is considered a direct ancestor of modern humans, dating to 1-2 million years ago. The scale bars compare the cranium (brain-case) to a modern humans cranium, showing it to be almost as long, but smaller top-bottom. Reconstruction published in 1928 by Weinart. Artwork from New Discoveries relating to The Antiquity of Man (Sir Arthur Keith, 1931). For this image without the scale bars, see E438/134

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Media ID 6370523

© SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

1891 1900s 1928 1931 Ancestor Anthropological Anthropology Bones Comparing Comparison Cranium Diagram Early 20th Century Early Human Evolution Evolutionary Biology Fossil Fossil Man Fossils Hominid Hominids Homo Erectus Human Evolution Palaeoanthropology Paleoanthropology Profile Reconstructed Reconstruction Scale Bar Size The Antiquity Of Man Du Bois Java Man Palaeontology Pithecanthropus Erectus Sir Arthur Keith


EDITORS COMMENTS
This print showcases a remarkable artwork from 1931, depicting the reconstruction of the Homo erectus skull, also known as Java Man. The dark grey fossil skull fragments discovered by Dubois in Java back in 1891 served as the basis for this intricate reconstruction. Originally classified as Pithecanthropus erectus, it is now recognized as Homo erectus and is considered a direct ancestor of modern humans, dating back to an astonishing 1-2 million years ago. The scale bars featured in this image provide a fascinating comparison between the cranium of Homo erectus and that of a modern human. While almost equally long, it is intriguing to note that the ancient specimen appears smaller top-bottom. Published by Weinart in 1928 and included in Sir Arthur Keith's groundbreaking work "New Discoveries relating to The Antiquity of Man" (1931), this illustration sheds light on our evolutionary journey. With its historical significance and meticulous attention to detail, this artwork serves as a testament to early anthropological studies and paleoanthropology research during the early 20th century. It offers valuable insights into our understanding of human evolution and provides an anatomical glimpse into one of our earliest ancestors. This thought-provoking image not only captures the essence of scientific exploration but also highlights the importance of continuous discoveries concerning our origins. As we delve deeper into paleontology and anthropology, images like these serve as powerful reminders of how far we have come in unraveling humanity's rich history.

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