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Rolls-Royce Merlin R. M. 14S. M. Mk 100 V-12 Engine, 1944. Creator: Rolls-Royce

Rolls-Royce Merlin R. M. 14S. M. Mk 100 V-12 Engine, 1944. Creator: Rolls-Royce


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Rolls-Royce Merlin R. M. 14S. M. Mk 100 V-12 Engine, 1944. Creator: Rolls-Royce

Formed in 1906 to produce automobiles, Rolls-Royce was asked to begin designing and building aircraft engines at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Design of the Merlin began in 1933 following the similar Kestrel design. Early Merlin Mk II and Mk III engines, which produced about 7, 457 kw (1, 000 horsepower), powered Hawker Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires in the Battle of Britain. Engine improvements and progress in supercharger performance increased the Merlins rated power to over 1, 715 kW (2, 300 horsepower) by the end of the war. This engine, a developmental prototype in the Merlin 100 series, was built by Rolls-Royce in Derby, England, sometime between June and July 1944. It was a new class of engine, built to higher performance standards for power and altitude. Merlin 100s powered the de Havilland Mosquito, Avro Tudor, and de Havilland Hornet and Sea Hornet. U.S. Packard-built Merlin 100s (V-1650-9 and -11) powered later versions of the North American Mustang

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Media ID 23877585

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Air And Space Museum Aircraft Aviation Engine Flight Nasm National Air And Space Museum Propulsion Propulsion Reciprocating Rotary Reciprocating Motion Rolls Royce Rotary Engine 2nd World War Air Transport Second World War World War Two


FEATURES IN THESE COLLECTIONS

> Animals > Birds > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > American Kestrel

> Animals > Birds > Accipitriformes > Falcons > American Kestrel

> Animals > Mammals > Muridae > Fortior

> Europe > United Kingdom > England > Aviation

> Europe > United Kingdom > England > Derby

> Europe > United Kingdom > England > London > Sights > British Museum

> Historic > Battles > Battle of Britain > Spitfire aircrafts

> Historic > Battles > Related Images

> Historic > World War I and II > World War I

> Historic > World War I and II > World War II


EDITORS COMMENTS
This print showcases the Rolls-Royce Merlin R. M. 14S. M. Mk 100 V-12 Engine, a true marvel of engineering from 1944. Originally known for their luxurious automobiles, Rolls-Royce was called upon during World War I to design and manufacture aircraft engines, thus beginning their illustrious journey in aviation. The development of the Merlin engine commenced in 1933, drawing inspiration from the successful Kestrel design. Early versions such as the Mk II and Mk III powered iconic aircraft like the Hawker Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires during the pivotal Battle of Britain, generating an impressive output of around 7,457 kW (1,000 horsepower). As time progressed and advancements were made in supercharger performance and engine enhancements, the power rating of the Merlin soared to over 1,715 kW (2,300 horsepower) by war's end. The featured prototype belongs to the esteemed Merlin 100 series which set new standards for altitude capabilities and overall performance. Notably powering legendary aircraft including de Havilland Mosquitoes, Avro Tudors, de Havilland Hornets and Sea Hornets; it is worth mentioning that later iterations produced by U. S. -based Packard also propelled North American Mustangs into flight. This remarkable photograph immortalizes a moment in history when innovation met necessity on British soil at Rolls-Royce's Derby facility sometime between June and July of '44. It serves as a testament to human ingenuity during times of conflict while reminding us that even amidst chaos emerges extraordinary feats of engineering excellence.

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