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1851 Collection

"1851: A Year of Exploration, Innovation, and Artistic Splendor" In 1851, the world witnessed a multitude of remarkable events that shaped history

Background image1851 Collection: Ballycotton Lighthouse, Cork, Ireland

Ballycotton Lighthouse, Cork, Ireland
Waves crash against the coastal rocks with Ballycotton lighthouse in the background at sunrise; Ballycotton, County Cork, Ireland

Background image1851 Collection: Common Curlew (Morris)

Common Curlew (Morris)
COMMON CURLEW (Numenius arquata) Date: 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Captain Francis Crozier of HMS Terror, 1845

Captain Francis Crozier of HMS Terror, 1845
Engraving of Captain Francis Crozier (1796-1848) of HMS Terror, pictured shortly before departing on the ill-fated Franklin Arctic expedition of 1845

Background image1851 Collection: Royal Coat of Arms

Royal Coat of Arms
The royal coat of arms of Queen Victoria

Background image1851 Collection: Inside the Great Exhibition of 1851

Inside the Great Exhibition of 1851
The Great Exhibition of All Nations - general view of the interior of the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London

Background image1851 Collection: MAP: IRELAND, 1851. An engraved map of Ireland, 1851

MAP: IRELAND, 1851. An engraved map of Ireland, 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Augusta Ada Byron

Augusta Ada Byron
AUGUSTA ADA BYRON daughter of the poet Byron, later countess Lovelace mathematician, arguably the worlds first computer programmer, aiding Babbage

Background image1851 Collection: Honiton Lace 1851

Honiton Lace 1851
A fearsomely intricate example of Honiton (Devon) lacework, exhibited by Mrs Treadwin of Exeter at the Crystal Palace exhibition

Background image1851 Collection: England. London. The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton. Great

England. London. The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton. Great
The Crystal Palace. Cast-iron and plate-glass building originally erected in Hyde Park, London for Great Exhibition of 1851. Designed by Sir Joseph Paxton (1803-1865). Victoria and Albert Museum

Background image1851 Collection: LANDSEER: STAG, 1851. Monarch of the Glen. After the painting by Edwin Landseer, 1851

LANDSEER: STAG, 1851. Monarch of the Glen. After the painting by Edwin Landseer, 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Asylum Lodge, Devizes, Wiltshire

Asylum Lodge, Devizes, Wiltshire
The entrance lodge to the County Lunatic Asylum at Devizes, Wiltshire opened in 1851. In 1924 it was renamed Wiltshire County Mental Hospital, then in 1948 renamed Roundway Hospital

Background image1851 Collection: View of the Great Exhibition from across the Serpentine

View of the Great Exhibition from across the Serpentine
The Great Exhibition of All Nations in Hyde Park, London - general view of the Crystal Palace from across the Serpentine

Background image1851 Collection: PAXTON, Joseph (1801-1865). Crystal Palace. 1851

PAXTON, Joseph (1801-1865). Crystal Palace. 1851. First building with revolutionary modular, prefabricated design, and use of glass. Built for the Universal Exhibition of 1851 in Hyde Park, London

Background image1851 Collection: County Lunatic Asylum, Colney Hatch, Middlesex

County Lunatic Asylum, Colney Hatch, Middlesex
The Middlesex County Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1851 at Colney Hatch, near Friern Barnet, Middlesex. It later became known as Colney Hatch Mental Hospital and then as Friern Hospital

Background image1851 Collection: Derby County Mental Hospital, Mickleover, Derbyshire

Derby County Mental Hospital, Mickleover, Derbyshire
An aerial view of the Derby County Mental Hospital at Mickleover near Derby. It began life in 1851 as the Derbyshire County Lunatic Asylum, designed by Henry Duesbury

Background image1851 Collection: James Doughty, oldest clown in England

James Doughty, oldest clown in England
James Doughty of Brighton, at the time of this photograph the oldest clown in England, about to celebrate his 94th birthday. Seen here in costume with two of his performing dogs

Background image1851 Collection: Captain Sir John Franklin (1786-1847)

Captain Sir John Franklin (1786-1847)
Engraving of Captain Sir John Franklin in his Royal Navy uniform, pictured shortly before departing on his ill-fated Arctic expedition of 1845

Background image1851 Collection: Chough (Morris)

Chough (Morris)
(Pyrrhocorax graculus) A resident of western England and Wales

Background image1851 Collection: SINGER SEWING MACHINE. Description of Isaac M

SINGER SEWING MACHINE. Description of Isaac M. Singers sewing machine on the front page of the " Scientific American", 1 November 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Saltaire, model textile factory and town near Bradford, Yorkshire, England. Founded by Titus Salt

Saltaire, model textile factory and town near Bradford, Yorkshire, England. Founded by Titus Salt (1803-1776) in 1851. Shops, library, etc

Background image1851 Collection: Prestwich Asylum, Lancashire

Prestwich Asylum, Lancashire
View of the Superintendents House at the Lancashire County Lunatic Asylum, at Bury New Road, Prestwich, near Manchester, designed by Isaac Holden and opened in 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Crystal Palace Plan

Crystal Palace Plan
A floor plan of the Exhibition building - the ground floor and the galleries, showing how the courts open out from the central transept

Background image1851 Collection: Verdi / Rigoletto / Liebig

Verdi / Rigoletto / Liebig
The celebrated quartet from the last act

Background image1851 Collection: Kings Cross Station / 1895

Kings Cross Station / 1895
A view of the platforms at the terminus for the Great Northern Railway, designed by the architect Lewis Cubitt, built in 1851-52

Background image1851 Collection: Swallow-Tailed Kite

Swallow-Tailed Kite
AMERICAN SWALLOW-TAILED KITE (Elaboides furcatus)

Background image1851 Collection: Maps / Australia 1850S

Maps / Australia 1850S
Map showing the location of the GOLDFIELDS, so presumably made fairly soon after the start of the Australian Gold Rush in 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Brighton Pavilion 1851

Brighton Pavilion 1851
A general view of the Brighton Pavilion Date: circa 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Birds / Tree Sparrow

Birds / Tree Sparrow
TREE SPARROW (Passer montanus)

Background image1851 Collection: Grand Entrance to the Great Exhibition of 1851

Grand Entrance to the Great Exhibition of 1851
The Great Exhibition of All Nations in Hyde Park, London - view of the Grand Entrance to the Crystal Palace, with people milling around

Background image1851 Collection: Belfast Quay

Belfast Quay (1851). Wilson, James Glen 1827-1863. Date: 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Sir George Newnes

Sir George Newnes
SIR GEORGE NEWNES English publisher and Liberal MP

Background image1851 Collection: William H Lever

William H Lever
WILLIAM HESKETH LEVER 1ST VISCOUNT LEVER-HULME English soap manufacturer; built (1888-89) model industrial village of Port Sunlight

Background image1851 Collection: Magpie (Morris)

Magpie (Morris)
(Pica pica, or Pica Rustica)

Background image1851 Collection: Linnet (Morris)

Linnet (Morris)
(Carduelis cannabina)

Background image1851 Collection: Chaffinch (Morris)

Chaffinch (Morris)
(Fringilla coelebs) Coelebs means bachelor, and refers to the birds habit of temporary separation from its mate

Background image1851 Collection: Inverary Pier, Loch Fyne: Morning Inverary Pier, Loch Shira Monte Rosa Monte Rosa

Inverary Pier, Loch Fyne: Morning Inverary Pier, Loch Shira Monte Rosa Monte Rosa Mortlake, Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775-1851, British

Background image1851 Collection: Carrion Crow (Morris)

Carrion Crow (Morris)
CARRION CROW (Corvus corone)

Background image1851 Collection: Foucault Demo, 1851

Foucault Demo, 1851
Leon Foucault uses his pendulum to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth, at the Pantheon, Paris, 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Eliz Gaskell / Richmond

Eliz Gaskell / Richmond
ELIZABETH CLEGHORN GASKELL Writer, in 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Richard I / London Statue

Richard I / London Statue
RICHARD I, THE LIONHEART A statue of Richard I by Baron Marochetti at Crystal Palace in 1851

Background image1851 Collection: Barlow?s patent double-action Jaquard loom

Barlow?s patent double-action Jaquard loom, 1851. Exhib. Cat Date: 1851

Background image1851 Collection: IRISH IMMIGRANTS, 1851. Emigrants leaving Cork, Ireland, to change for the trans-Atlantic steamers

IRISH IMMIGRANTS, 1851. Emigrants leaving Cork, Ireland, to change for the trans-Atlantic steamers, likely at Liverpool, England. Wood engraving from an English newspaper of 1851

Background image1851 Collection: The Asylum, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire

The Asylum, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire
The Joint Counties Lunatic Asylum, Abergavenny, opened in 1851, becoming the Monmouthshire Lunatic Asylum in 1897. It was known as the Monmouthshire Mental Hospital from 1916 to 1923

Background image1851 Collection: ANCIENT JERUSALEM. The ancient city of Jerusalem, with Solomons Temple in the center

ANCIENT JERUSALEM. The ancient city of Jerusalem, with Solomons Temple in the center. Lithograph, c1851

Background image1851 Collection: Crystal Palace, London, 1851

Crystal Palace, London, 1851
Visitors to the Crystal Palace industrial exposition, London, 1851. Hand-colored engraving of a 19th-century illustration

Background image1851 Collection: Union Workhouse, Leigh, Lancashire

Union Workhouse, Leigh, Lancashire
Opened in 1851, the Union workhouse on Leigh Road, Leigh, Lancashire, later became Atherleigh Hospital. This early 1900s view focuses on the recently added workhouse offices and receiving home

Background image1851 Collection: County Asylum, Mickleover, Derbyshire

County Asylum, Mickleover, Derbyshire
The Derbyshire County Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1851 at Mickleover near Derby. Designed by Henry Duesbury, the buildings later became known as the Derbyshire County Mental Hospital

Background image1851 Collection: The Re-cut Koh-i-noor Diamond, 1852

The Re-cut Koh-i-noor Diamond, 1852
Engraving of the re-cut Koh-i-noor ( mountain of light ) diamond, 1852. Previously owned by the Mogul emperors, the Persian Shahs and Ranjit Singh, the Lion of the Punjab



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"1851: A Year of Exploration, Innovation, and Artistic Splendor" In 1851, the world witnessed a multitude of remarkable events that shaped history. Captain Francis Crozier of HMS Terror embarked on an ill-fated expedition in 1845, leaving behind a legacy of bravery and resilience. The Royal Coat of Arms stood as a symbol of strength and unity amidst turbulent times. An engraved map showcased Ireland's beauty in intricate detail, capturing its rich heritage and captivating landscapes. Meanwhile, inside the Great Exhibition of 1851, innovation thrived as Augusta Ada Byron unveiled her groundbreaking contributions to computing. England's capital city buzzed with excitement as Joseph Paxton's Crystal Palace rose majestically against London's skyline—a testament to human ingenuity. Edwin Landseer's iconic painting "Monarch of the Glen" mesmerized art enthusiasts with its depiction of regal wildlife. Amidst progress and grandeur, mental health institutions like Asylum Lodge in Devizes and County Lunatic Asylum in Colney Hatch provided care for those struggling with their minds' afflictions. Nature enthusiasts marveled at the gracefulness of Morris' Common Curlew while Derby County Mental Hospital offered solace to individuals seeking healing. In this vibrant year, even entertainment had its place—James Doughty took center stage as England's oldest clown, bringing joy to audiences across the nation. As we reflect on 1851 today, let us remember it not just for its historical significance but also for the diverse tapestry it wove together—an era marked by exploration into uncharted territories both within ourselves and our world.