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relief image of Africa by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)
Relief image of Africa by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). This release in 2000, includes data for all of the continent, plus the island of Madagascar and the Arabian Peninsula. The central latitudes of Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, extending from Lake Nyasa to the Red Sea. To the west lies the Congo Basin. Most of the southern part of the continent rests on a concave plateau comprising the Kalahari basin. color-coding is directly related to topographic height, with brown and yellow at the lower elevations, rising through green, to white at the highest elevations. Blue areas on the map represent water within the mapped tiles, each of which includes shorelines or islands
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Victorian Map of Africa
Engraved illustrations of a Map of Africa from Iconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature and Art, Published in 1851. Copyright has expired on this artwork. Digitally restored
© Craig McCausland
1850 1859, 19th Century, 19th Century Style, 520197105, Africa, Art, Art And Craft, British Culture, Cartography, Chart, Country Geographic Area, Cut Out, Diagram, Drawing, Drawing Art Product, Drypoint, English Culture, Engraved Image, Engraving, History, Horizontal, Illustration, Illustration And Painting, Image Created 1850 1859, Image Created 19th Century, Isolated, Isolated On White, Journey, Madagascar, Map, No People, Old, Papua New Guinea, Physical Geography, Plan, Print, Steel Engraving, Sudan, Tourism, Travel, Victorian Style, White Background, Woodcut, World Map
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Stereoscopic view of North America
February 2000 - This stereoscopic shaded relief image shows Africa's topography as measured by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) in February 2000. Also shown are Madagascar, the Arabian Peninsula, and other adjacent regions. Previously, much of the topography here was not mapped in detail. Digital elevation data, such as provided by SRTM, are in high demand by scientists studying earthquakes, volcanism, and erosion patterns and for use in mapping and modeling hazards to human habitation. But the shape of Earth's surface affects nearly every natural process and human endeavor that occurs there, so elevation data are used in a wide range of applications. The image shown here is greatly reduced from the original data resolution, but still provides a good overview of the continent's landforms.
The northern part of the continent consists of a system of basins and plateaus, with several volcanic uplands whose uplift has been matched by subsidence in the large surrounding basins. Many of these basins have been infilled with sand and gravel, creating the vast Saharan lands. The Atlas Mountains in the northwest were created by convergence of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates.
The geography of the central latitudes of Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, extending from Lake Nyasa to the Red Sea, and splitting into two arms to enclose an interior plateau and the nearly circular Lake Victoria, visible in the right center of the image. To the west lies the Congo Basin, a vast, shallow depression that rises to form an almost circular rim of highlands. Most of the southern part of the continent rests on a concave plateau comprising the Kalahari Basin and a mountainous fringe, skirted by a coastal plain that widens out in Mozambique in the southeast.
Specific noteworthy features one may wish to explore in this scene include (1) the Richat Structure in Mauritania, a bull's eye geologic structure, (2) the Velingara Ring in Senegal, a possible meteorite impact crater, (3) the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria, (4) the Cameroon Line of volcanoes, crossing Cameroon and extending offshore, (5) long linear mountain ridges crossing the southern end of Africa, (6) Mount Kilimanjaro and neighboring volcanoes in Kenya and Tanzania, (7) the Afar Triangle in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and vicinity, where Earth's crust is being pulled in three directions by tectonic forces, (8) the Dead Sea fault line, between Israel and Jordan, (9) ancient shorelines, inland from the coast of Libya, and (10) vast seas of sand dunes, particularly across the Sahara Desert and much of the Arabian Peninsula
© Stocktrek Images